(b. Gainsborough, Mar. 19, 1734 ; d. Oct. 2, 1802), was admitted in 1766 a lay-clerk of St. George's Chapel, Windsor, and held th a t post until his death. His son, (2) J ohn (b. London, 1758; d. Westminster, Nov. 11, 1827), was in 1767 admitted a chorister of St. George's Chapel, Windsor, and Eton College under William Webb, and so continued until 1775. In 1777 he obtained a layclerk's place in both choirs. On July 12, 1788, he was admitted a gentleman of the Chapel Royal in the room of Nicholas Lade or Ladd ; in 1794 he succeeded John Soaper as vicar-choral of St. Paul's ; and in 1796 John Hindle as layvicar of Westminster Abbey. At Christmas 1796 he resigned his appointments a t Windsor and Eton. In 1800 he succeeded Richard Bellamy as almoner and master of the choristers of St. Paul's. On Jan. 14, 1812, he was appointed successor to Samuel Webbe as secretary to the r 'atch Club, and soon afterwards resigned his places of almoner and master of the choristers of St. Paul's. He was also conductor of the Glee Club. He possessed a rich, full and mellow-toned bass voice, and sang with distinct articulation and energetic expression. He was for thir ty years a principal singer a t the Concerts of Ancient Music and other leading concerts in London, and a t various provincial festivals. He composed several glees (published in 1800), and some which were included, with glees by Lord Mornington and other composers, in collections published by him. He left two sons, viz. : (3) J o h n B e r n a r d (b. Windsor, June 24, 1779 ; d. Westminster, Sept. 16, 1856) was admitted a chorister of St. George's Chapel, Windsor, and Eton College in 1785. He w'as in the chorus of the Ancient Concerts in 1792, and in 1794 was principal soprano a t the Three Choirs Festival a t Hereford. In 1800 he succeeded Richard Bellamy as lay-vicar of Westminster Abbey; on Jan. 19, 1803, was admitted a gentleman of the Chapel Royal, in the place of Samuel Champness, and in 1806, on the death of Richard Guise, obtained a second lay-vicar's place a t Westminster Abbey.1 On Mar. 30, 1809, he succeeded Michael Rock as organist of St. Margaret's, Westminster. About 1826 he was appointed musical instructor to the Princess Victoria. In 1838 he was admitted organist of the Chapel Roval on the death of Attwood. His voice was c: powerful bass, and his style of singing refined ; he excelled in anthems, glees and other part-music. He was for many years principal second bass a t the Concerts of Ancient Music. He long enjoyed a high reputation as a teacher of singing and the pianoforte. His compositions were few, consisting only of some chants, psalm tunes, Kyries, glees, songs and duets. One of his duets, ' The Butterfly,' was long in favour. In 1837 he published a collection of psalm and hymn tunes, chants, etc., with a concise system of chanting. Of his three daughters, Ma ry Anne and Sophia (d. May 3, 1869) were organists and teachers of music. The youngest, L aura, was the wife of William John Thoms, the antiquary, and originator of Notes and Queries. The other son, (4) G eo rg e Ch a r l e s (b. W indsor, 1796; d. Jan. 23, 1869), was admitted a chorister of St. Paul's under his father in 1803. He afterwards became a skilful org an is t; in 1817 succeeded Dr. Busby as organist of St. Mary, Newington, and in 1826 was appointed organist of St. George's, Hanover Square. w . H. H.