(Fr. galoubet et tambourin). The pipe formerly used in this country with the tabor was of the flute-a-bec or recorder type, but as it was held and played with one hand only (the right hand being used to strike the tabor), the usual six holes of tho flute could not be fingered. Three holes only wero bored, near the extreme end, two for the first and second fingers and one underneath for the thumb, and these sufficed to give a scale for an octave and five notes, for the available compass of the pipe began with the octavo of its fundamental note. Tho proper tones, or 'harmonics' of a flute are c', c", g", c '", e '" ,g " ', etc., and when tho first octavo is abandoned, the next interval presenting itself is tho fifth from c " to g". Three holes are sufficient to give the intermediate notes, d" , e " and f " of the diatonic scale, and with certain cross-fingerings, chromatic notes can be obtained. The tabor was a diminutive drum, without snares, hung by a short string to the waist or left arm, and tapped with a small drumstick (see P L A T E 1 X X V. No. 2). There is a woodcut of William Kemp the actor playing pipe and tabor in his Morris dance to Norwich, and another of Tarloton, tho Elizabethan jester, in tho same attitude. The pipe and tabor were known in certain country districts as ' Whittle and Dub.' In F ranee tho Galoubet is still in use in some parts of the country and is accompanied by either the Tambourin, as in Provence, an illustration of which is given under D r u m (5), or by the Tambourin de Bearn, which is not a drum, but a long sound-box having seven strings stretched along it, four being tuned to C and three to G, and struck with a stick. D. J . B.