a remarkable family of musicians. (1) A 17th-18th century Kleinknecht is represented with a piece in a lutel These two oratorios are in th e B.CJtf. book in the Augsburg town library (Q.-L.). (2) J o h a n n , an earlv 18th century Konzertmeister and second organist at Ulm Cathedral. (3) J ohan n W o l fg a n g , eldest son of Johann(2) (b. Ulm, Apr. 17, 1715 ; d. Anspach, Feb. 20, 1786), studied the violin under his father, with whom he toured as a prodigy c. 1723. He was chamber musician at Stuttgart in 1733, after filling similar positions at Eisenach and Bayreuth (1738), whence the court chapel was transferred to Anspach in 1769. He was one of the best violinists and orchestral leaders of his time. According to Q.-L. the Brussels Conservatoire possesses in MS. a violin concerto with orchestra. The authorship of the 3 sonatas for 2 violoncelli, given in the same place, is at least doubtful, as no Christian name is given on the title-page. (4) J ak ob F r i e d r ic h , (b. Ulm, June 8,1722 ; d. Anspach, Aug. 4,1794) second son of Johann (2) In 1743 he was flautist, in 1747 violinist, in 1749 second Konzertmeister, then court-composer, and in 1761 Kapellmeister at the Bayreuth court. He composed sinfonia concertata, concerto 2 flutes and orchestra, 5 trios, 2 flutes and bass, sonatas for flute, for violin, for pianoforte, etc. (see Q.-L.). (5) J oh an n S teph an , third son of Joh an n (2) (b. Ulm, Sept. 17, 1731 ; d. Anspach, c. 1803), studied the flute under his father, followed his brothers to Bayreuth in 1750, where he completed his studies under Dobbert and Gotzel and became a member of the court chapel. In 1766 he toured successfully in Germany, ana followed the chapel to Anspach in 1769. His autobiography appeared in Cramer, i. 772, and again in J. J. Meusel's ' Miscellaneen,' Part 12, p. 334. E. v. d. s.