a work which depends for its interest on extravagant fancy of one kind or another. (1) It has been applied to instrumental works which either violate the conventions of contemporary style purposely or are designed in the spirit of caricature. Mozart's ' Ein musikalische Spass ' (Kochel 522) has been quoted as the classical instance of instrumental extravaganza. In an age which disowns all conventions extravaganza of this type is scarcely possible. Stanford's ' Ode to Discord ' may be recalled, however, as an attempt to caricature the liberties of the modern composer. (2) The word is most frequently met with in connexion with the theatre, but there the extravagance is more usually in the part of the playwright than in that of the musician. Thus W. S. Gilbert used it m o re than once as a subtitle, e.g. ' Trial by Jury, an Extravaganza.' (See Su l l iv a n .) c .