(b. Joinville, Haute- Marne, c. 1760 ; d. Charenton, Sept. 5, 1803), a celebrated flautist and composer ; entered the army as oboist, was a bassoon-player at the Theatre de Monsieur, 1788, and at the Grand Opera, 1796. He was also appointed professor at the Conservatoire. Fetis says that he was equally good on the flute and bassoon and had a general knowledge of all other instruments. He created a new kind of literature for wind instruments, and, thus encouraging players to improve their technique, raised the standard of the French orchestra. The centre of his activity lay in his work as a composer, and in I that capacity he was held in high esteem even beyond the middle of last century. His flute Tutor was still in use within recent times. (For list of works, see Q.-L. ; also Fetis.) e . v. d. s.